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Revised in 2021, ASTM F3492-21 contains Voluntary Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Child Safety Locks and Latches for Use with Cabinet Doors and Drawers.

This article is part of our series on baby safety standards which you can read here. Locks and latches for doors, cabinets and drawers are part of essential baby safety products for home

Below is a summary of the voluntary safety standards for safety locks and latches for doors and drawers:

  • The Standards cover safety requirements, test methods, and warnings for child safety locks and latches installed by consumers on residential cabinet doors or drawers. These locks restrict access to household cabinets for children under 48 months of age.

The 8 Safety standards requirements include:

  • The product does not contain any sharp points or edges that could pose a risk of injury, as defined in 16 CFR 1500.48 and 16 CFR 1500.49.
  • Exclusion of small components (as specified in 16 CFR 1501)
  • A requirement to use a magnet to ensure self-closing
  • Ensure compliance with the total lead requirements for all paint and surface coatings as outlined in 16 CFR 1303.
  • Requirements for opening such as pull force, torque, and impact testing to prevent accidental opening of locked cabinets.
  • Info on effective requirements on strength needed
  • Requirements specifying labeling and marketing of the locks
  • Instructions on how to operate the locks

Exclusions: The child safety locks and latches excluded from this standard are as follows:

  • Installed on the exterior of a cabinet door or drawer
  • Installation should be done by professionals, or
  • They should be an integral part of the cabinet door or drawer system
  • Child safety locks, latches, and straps are designed to anchor furniture or appliances and prevent tip-overs.

What these means:

When you purchase child safety locks for your cabinets, it is important to ensure that they meet these voluntary standards. These standards were developed to help protect children from potential hazards and ensure the effectiveness of the safety locks.

While developed by ASTM and endorsed by CPSC, the manufacturers are not entirely tied to follow all these standards to the latter as they are voluntary standards. They may choose to follow some and not others, or they may use different testing methods to ensure compliance. Consumers need to do their research and choose products that meet these standards and have a good track record of safety.

In addition, it is important for parents and caregivers to properly install and use the child safety locks according to the manufacturer’s instructions. This includes regularly checking the locks and latches for any wear or damage, as well as keeping them out of reach of children.